Ozone Water Treatment Seminar Abstract Report


Ozone water treatment is a process that utilizes ozone (O3) gas to disinfect and purify water. Ozone is a powerful oxidizing agent and a strong disinfectant that can efficiently kill bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms present in water. The treatment involves injecting ozone gas into the water to break down and destroy contaminants, eliminating odors, colors, and tastes caused by organic matter and certain chemicals.

The ozone water treatment process has several advantages over traditional water treatment methods like chlorine. It does not leave behind harmful chemical residues, and it effectively disinfects water, making it safe for consumption. Additionally, ozone water treatment helps in removing iron, manganese, and other impurities, and it does not produce harmful by-products like Trihalomethanes (THMs) found in chlorine-treated water. However, ozone water treatment requires careful monitoring and control as excess ozone exposure can be harmful to human health and may also cause corrosion in certain materials. Properly controlled ozone water treatment is an efficient and environmentally friendly method to ensure safe and clean drinking water.

Detailed Report

Ozone water treatment is a method of water purification that uses ozone gas (O3) to disinfect and remove contaminants from water. Ozone is a powerful oxidizing agent and a natural component of the Earth’s atmosphere. It is formed when oxygen (O2) molecules are exposed to ultraviolet (UV) light or electrical discharges, leading to the creation of the O3 molecule.

In water treatment, ozone is produced on-site and introduced into the water supply to achieve various purification goals. The ozone treatment process involves the following steps:

  1. Ozone Generation: Ozone is generated on-site using specialized equipment, typically through either corona discharge or ultraviolet light methods. In the corona discharge method, oxygen gas (O2) is passed through a high-voltage electric field, breaking the O2 molecules and forming O3. In the UV method, UV light is used to split O2 molecules and create O3.
  2. Injection and Mixing: The generated ozone is then injected into the water to be treated. It can be introduced directly into the water flow or through a mixing chamber, depending on the specific system design. The ozone gas dissolves into the water and starts its disinfection and oxidation processes.
  3. Disinfection: Ozone is a potent disinfectant and can effectively inactivate bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms in water. It achieves this by breaking down the cell walls and interfering with the metabolic processes of the microorganisms.
  4. Oxidation: Ozone also acts as a strong oxidizing agent, helping to break down and remove various organic and inorganic compounds present in the water. It can oxidize pollutants, color-causing substances, taste, and odor compounds, as well as certain heavy metals and organic chemicals.
  5. Residual Removal: After the treatment process, any remaining ozone in the water is typically removed through natural decay or by using activated carbon filtration. This ensures that the treated water is safe for consumption and compliant with regulatory standards.

Benefits of Ozone Water Treatment:

  1. Powerful Disinfection: Ozone is a highly effective disinfectant, often more potent than traditional chlorine-based disinfection methods. It can rapidly inactivate harmful pathogens, including bacteria, viruses, and protozoa.
  2. No Chemical Residue: Unlike chlorine, ozone does not leave chemical residues in the water after treatment. This makes it suitable for applications where minimal chemical byproducts are desired.
  3. Effective against Cryptosporidium and Giardia: Ozone is particularly effective in destroying protozoa like Cryptosporidium and Giardia, which are resistant to chlorine-based disinfectants.
  4. Reduced Taste and Odor Issues: Ozone can effectively remove taste and odor compounds, improving the overall water quality and taste.
  5. Environmentally Friendly: Ozone water treatment does not produce harmful byproducts, making it an environmentally friendly option for water disinfection.

Ozone water treatment is commonly used in drinking water treatment plants, swimming pools, wastewater treatment facilities, and various industrial processes. However, it is essential to design and operate ozone systems properly, as ozone gas can be hazardous in high concentrations, and safety precautions must be taken during its use.