EDGE Computing in IoT Seminar Abstract, Report

Introduction: EDGE Computing in IoT

The Internet of Things (IoT) has transformed how devices communicate and exchange data, connecting everything from home appliances to industrial machinery. As the amount of data IoT devices produce grows, efficient processing and real-time decision-making become crucial. This has resulted in the rise and swift acceptance of edge computing in the world of IoT.

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Definition and Concept of Edge Computing

Edge computing is a decentralised computing model that brings computational abilities closer to the data source or edge of the network, reducing latency and enhancing overall system efficiency. In the Internet of Things (IoT) context, edge computing involves processing data locally on IoT devices or within proximity instead of relying solely on distant cloud servers.

Advantages of Edge Computing in IoT:

  1. Reduced Latency: Edge computing is a technology that helps reduce the delay when data is sent to and from centralized cloud servers. The data is processed locally, which allows for critical decisions to be made in real-time. This technology is beneficial in applications where low latency is essential, such as in autonomous vehicles, healthcare, and industrial automation.
  2. Bandwidth Optimization: Sending large amounts of data to the cloud can strain network bandwidth and lead to higher costs. Edge computing is a solution that can help optimize bandwidth usage. It does this by locally filtering and processing data, and sending only relevant information to the cloud. This approach not only reduces the burden on the network, but also minimizes data transfer costs.
  3. Enhanced Security and Privacy: Edge computing is a decentralized approach that keeps sensitive data closer to the source, thereby addressing security and privacy concerns. It reduces the risk of data breaches during transmission to centralized servers. The exposure to potential security threats is limited by processing and analysing critical data locally.
  4. Scalability and Efficiency: Edge computing allows for better resource utilization and efficiency in IoT deployments with many connected devices, as computing resources are distributed across the network.
  5. Reliability in Unstable Connectivity Environments: In intermittent or unstable connectivity cases, edge computing ensures continuous operation by processing data locally. This is critical for remote monitoring, smart agriculture, and disaster response applications.

Challenges and Considerations:

Despite the advantages of edge computing in IoT, there are challenges, such as managing distributed computing resources, ensuring interoperability among diverse devices, and addressing security concerns related to decentralized processing.

  1. Limited Resources: Edge devices often face limitations in processing power, memory, and storage, which makes managing computational tasks a challenge.
  2. Security Concerns: Edge devices must be secured against physical attacks and unauthorized access. Secure communication with the central system is vital.
  3. Data Management: Efficiently managing data generated by edge computing is crucial. Deciding what data to process locally and what to send to the cloud involves complex decision-making for optimized bandwidth and storage usage.
  4. Interoperability: The IoT ecosystem comprises a diverse range of devices that operate on various protocols, necessitating seamless interoperability. Ensuring compatibility and smooth communication among different edge devices poses a challenge.
  5. Scalability: As the number of edge devices increases, managing and scaling the edge infrastructure becomes complex. The system must be designed to handle a growing device count without compromising performance.
  6. Latency and Real-time Processing: Processing data closer to the source with edge computing reduces latency, but ensuring real-time processing capabilities for time-sensitive applications at the edge presents a significant challenge.
  7. Fault Tolerance: Hardware failures may occur when edge devices operate in harsh environments. To ensure the reliability of edge systems, it is crucial to implement fault-tolerant mechanisms.
  8. Power Consumption: Edge devices often rely on limited power sources such as batteries. Optimized algorithms and processes are necessary to maximize battery life.
  9. Edge-to-Cloud Integration: Coordinating data flow between edge devices and cloud services is challenging, and efficient synchronization requires careful integration.
  10. Regulatory Compliance: Adhering to regional and industry-specific regulations is crucial for legal and ethical considerations in edge computing, where data is processed closer to the source, making compliance with data privacy and security regulations complex.
  11. Cost Management: Deploying and maintaining edge computing infrastructure incurs significant costs. Optimizing the balance between edge and cloud processing is essential to minimize costs while maximizing performance.


Edge computing in IoT is a new approach that addresses the limitations of traditional cloud-centric methods. By bringing computational capabilities closer to the data source, edge computing enhances efficiency, reduces latency and enables real-time decision-making. As the IoT ecosystem continues to develop, integrating edge computing will play a crucial role in unlocking the full potential of connected devices. It will lead to a more responsive, secure and scalable IoT landscape.


What is EDGE Computing?

Edge computing is a computing model that distributes computing and data storage closer to where data is generated. This approach reduces latency and bandwidth usage. Unlike traditional cloud computing, where processing is centralized in remote data centres, edge computing allows for real-time data processing and analysis at or near the edge devices, making applications more efficient and responsive. This decentralized approach benefits applications that require low-latency responses, such as IoT devices, autonomous vehicles, and industrial automation.

What is the Internet of Things / IoT?

The Internet of Things, commonly called IoT, is a network of physical devices, vehicles, appliances, and other objects interconnected through sensors, software, and connectivity. This interconnectivity allows for seamless communication and automation, which enhances efficiency and provides valuable insights for various applications – from smart homes to industrial processes. The IoT ecosystem continuously expands, shaping how we interact with and perceive the world.

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